It is very easy to choose science as a stream in school and then choose engineering as a career, but it may not be easy to choose the right branch of engineering. Choosing engineering as an option is not the end. There is a lot of work to be done. 

There are a lot of branches of engineering that need to be considered before you decide what kind of engineer you want to become. If you were to make a choice in old times, there wouldn’t have been much of a mess, but nowadays, there are a plethora of branches to every stream that help you ace the field. 

If you are confused about which stream of engineering to opt for, this article will clear all your doubts. Before we answer your questions, here is all about engineering you need to know.

What Is Engineering?

Engineering is a technical field that is based on a combination of science and mathematics subjects, which is used to solve problems. Engineers are the ones who turn innovative ideas into reality. While innovators and scientists come up with amazing ideas regarding tools and technologies, engineers are the ones who make it happen. 

As mentioned above, there are many branches of engineering. These are as follows:

  • Mechanical Engineering

This branch of engineering is a mixture of mathematics, materials science, and engineering physics that work toward designing, analyzing, executing, manufacturing, and maintaining mechanical systems. Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering, and it is one of the popular branches among engineering aspirants.

  • Electrical Engineering

As the name suggests, electrical engineering is related to devices, equipment, and systems that are based on electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. It works towards studying, designing, executing, and applying electricity based devices and equipment. 

  • Nuclear Engineering

Nuclear engineering is another branch of engineering that works towards the application of breaking down the atomic nuclei or combining the atomic nuclei or the application of different sub-atomic processes that are based on the principles of nuclear physics. 

  • Civil Engineering

It is a branch of engineering that works towards designing, construction, and maintenance of structures both physical and naturally built. This branch includes construction of buildings, railway routes, pipelines, sewage systems, bridges, roads, and more.

  • Aerospace Engineering

If you love aircrafts and have a knack to design spacecrafts, this branch of engineering is for you. It has two sub branches to itself, namely astronautical and aeronautical engineering. This branch deals with the electronic side of aerospace engineering.

  • Chemical Engineering 

This branch of engineering works toward the study, design, and creation of chemical plants and improving the production methods.  

  • Computer Engineering

This is a branch of electric engineering that works towards developing computer software and hardware that integrates various computer science and electronic engineering fields.

  • Environmental Engineering

This type of engineering works toward scientific topics like biology, chemistry, hydraulics, ecology, microbiology, geology, mathematics, and more. 

  • Biomedical Engineering

This type of engineering, also called medical engineering, is a mixture of engineering principles and concepts of design applied to biology and medicine.

  • Marine Engineering

As the name suggests, this type of engineering is related to ships, boats, submarines, and more. It is also responsible for the engineering of ocean structures and systems, and therefore it is also called ocean engineering.

Importance Of Engineering

Technology is the way forward, and engineering is the tool that helps enhance it. 

Engineers are on a constant move to bring many innovative ideas to life. An engineer is responsible for design, development, execution, testing, and maintenance of structures, systems, and products; this includes constructing homes, innovative products, softwares, transportation systems, hardwares, and more. 

Engineering is a dynamic field because it continuously works on creating new tools and technology to aid humankind, and so, this field can never get old.

How To Choose The Right Engineering Stream?

There are many career opportunities after engineering that you can opt for. Apart from traditional jobs of a chemical engineer, mechanical engineer, electrical engineer, and more, you can also go for the following:

  • R&D Applications Engineer
  • Computer Programmer
  • Engineering Support Specialist
  • Professor
  • Academic Researcher
  • Voice Engineer
  • Software Engineer
  • Ergonomist
  • Process Engineer
  • Quality Engineer
  • Industrial Manager
  • Operations Analyst
  • Management Engineer
  • Plant Engineer
  • Manufacturing Engineer
  • Quality Control Technician
  • Project Engineer
  • Operations Manager
  • Facilities Engineer

One thing that engineering ensures you is good salary packages. Once you step out in the field to work, you can get a good designation and try new different branches of engineering to ace the field. Once you have completed 10+2, you need to choose from various branches of engineering and related courses. Two courses that are popular among students are B.Tech and B.E in Engineering. 

While B.E focuses on theory of engineering, B.Tech focuses on the practical aspect of engineering. Here’s how you can choose the right stream:

  • Narrow Down Your Career Options

Firstly, you should know which field interests you the most. If you are interested in chemistry but are opting for mechanical engineering, you may become frustrated after a while. Therefore it is important to choose your stream wisely.

  • Make A List Of Suitable Colleges

The next step is to find a suitable college for you. If you are a resident of Kerala, you have a lot of colleges to choose from. You can select the best engineering colleges in Kerala and enroll in your favorite course. 

If you are looking for a placement opportunity, then you can also opt for top private engineering colleges in Kerala based on placement. If you want to consider other options like computer engineering, then you can opt for the  best engineering colleges in Kerala for computer science. You can also go for polytechnic colleges in Kerala if the stream interests you.

  • Consider College Fee

Another important factor in choosing the right engineering stream is the college fee. You can opt for engineering colleges that are affordable or offer scholarships and are reputed ones.


Once you have completed school and are an engineering aspirant, you must choose the branch of engineering you are interested in. However, choosing the right branch of engineering may not be as easy as choosing between a few streams in school. 

There are many branches of engineering you can opt for, some of them being mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, aerospace engineering, nuclear engineering, chemical engineering, and much more. 

If you are confused about how to opt for the right engineering stream, consider the stream that interests you, list good colleges, and consider the college fee or scholarship the college offers to aid your education. Opt for the college that best suit you and ace the world of engineering!